Hunger Report of India

Meanwhile, the imports had also increased by 2.38%, from that Rs. 1.4 lakh crores to almost Rs. 1.44 lakh crores during the same period in 2019-20 and 2020-21 respectively. 

And if we seen our self sufficiency in food grains then there will always be problem if Hunger in our country. 

India State Hunger Index (ISHI) is a tool which we used to calculate hunger and malnutrition at the regional level in India. 

It is constructed in the same way as the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2008 and was first time calculated for 17 states, covering more than 95 percent of the population in our country. 

The ISHI was developed by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and presented for the first time 2008 in conjunction with the non-governmental organization Welthungerhilfe and the Department of Economics, University of California. According to report of ISHI, India has shown improvement in recent years. 

In 2008, India's ISHI score was 23.30 and level was alarming at that time.

Reason Behind Food Scarcity

The challenges behind food scarcity in India are :

a) Non - uniform rainfall among states

b) Less land holding per capita (1.04ha)

c) Unfavorable climate changes

d) Less access to remote areas

e) Poverty (large percentage of marginal farmers)

f) Inadequate distribution of food through public distribution mechanisms (PDS i.e. Public Distribution System).

g) Lack of coherent food and nutrition policies along with the absence of intersectoral coordination between various ministries.

h) A number of programmes with improving nutrition as their main component are planned in the country but these are not properly implemented.

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